Procedures include removing "the penis and testicles. They make a tunnel in front of the rectum and use skin from the penis to line the tunnel. They might use skin from the scrotum or another part of the body, like the thigh. The surgeon also makes inner and outer labia and a new opening for urine. They can use tissue from the penis to make a clitoris." The clinic’s website does acknowledge that "People who may want to have biological children in the future can choose to have their sperm frozen and stored before surgery to remove the testicles." During a peritoneal vaginoplasty, a method is used to "reconstruct a person’s vagina or to make a vagina in a person assigned male at birth. The surgeon makes a vaginal canal using tissue from the lining of the abdomen (peritoneum). Based on the patient’s needs and wishes, the surgeon may also make inner and outer labia and a new opening for urine. For patients with a penis, the surgeon can use tissue from the penis to make a clitoris." "Another way to reconstruct or make a vagina is to use a section of the bowel. Usually, this is not the first choice for gender-affirming surgery, but it may be an important option for someone who wants revision of an earlier surgery (like a penile inversion or peritoneal vaginoplasty). Based on the patient’s needs and wishes, the surgeon may also make inner and outer labia and a new opening for urine. For patients with a penis, they can use tissue from the penis to make a clitoris," the site reads. "Some people decide to have surgery to make a vagina with a canal that is shorter than typical. This is 1 of many ways that surgery choices depend on the patient’s goals for how their body will look and work after they heal. In minimal-depth vaginoplasty, the surgeon makes a clitoris, inner and outer labia, an opening for urine and an opening of the vagina with a short vaginal canal." A phalloplasty "done in stages over several months, can make a penis for someone assigned female at birth. The surgeon may make the penis using tissue from the vulva, forearm, thigh or side. Based on the patient’s needs and wishes, the surgeon may also do procedures to make the urethra longer, make a tip for the penis, make the scrotum and add testicle implants, put in an implant to make erections possible and close the opening of the vagina." Another option is a metoidioplasty, "For a person with a clitoris and labia, surgeons may be able to use these tissues to make a penis. This is done after the person has been on testosterone therapy, which will make the clitoris larger. Based on the patient’s needs and wishes, the surgeon may also make the urethra longer, make the scrotum and add testicle implants and close the opening of the vagina." Though the above surgeries are for those 18 and older, for other surgeries, "timing depends on many factors, like the patient’s stage of puberty and how surgery fits with the rest of their gender-related healthcare. A typical age is mid-teens or older." Many services are provided to those under 18 including puberty blockers, double mastectomies with or without free nipple grafting, breast augmentation, thyroid cartilage surgery, and facial gender-affirming surgery The clinic provides "Facial gender-affirming surgery" in order to "change the shape of the face to look more feminine or masculine" and includes forehead reduction, forehead contouring or augmentation, brow lift, frontal sinus setback, facial fat grafting, cheek augmentation, nasal surgery (rhinoplasty), chin surgery (genioplasty), lower jaw surgery (mandible contouring) and others. The clinic also provides Thyroid cartilage surgery which "can make the Adam’s apple (thyroid cartilage) less visible (laryngochondroplasty) or more visible (thyroid cartilage enhancement)." At the Seattle Children's Gender Clinic, patients can receive so-called "Top Surgery" including "
Gender-affirming breast augmentation with implants or fat grafting, Gender-affirming mastectomy with or without free nipple grafting, and Gender-affirming breast/chest reduction." The facility also provides Gender-affirming body contouring procedures such as fat grafting and liposuction "to shape a person’s body to better match their gender identity." Additionally, the clinic provides Revision surgery for gender-affirming surgery "If the results of gender-affirming surgery do not meet the patient’s needs or goals, our experienced surgeons may be able to offer options to improve the results. We have done surgeries like this for people who had their earlier gender-affirming surgery at other hospitals." Gender-affirming medical care (such as puberty blockers, estradiol, and testosterone) for patients under age 18 requires consent from any parent or guardian that has medical decision-making rights for that patient. Our team can help answer questions about consent if needed. The website also mentions that under Washington state law, "adolescents have the right to seek medical care for the following conditions, even without parent or caregiver consent: Birth control and pregnancy-related treatment, Mental health conditions if 13 or older, Alcohol and drug problems if 13 or older, Sexually transmitted infections, including HIV/AIDS testing, if 14 or older." The Seattle Children's Gender Clinic also partners with the facility’s Autism Clinic since many teens with gender dysphoria are on the autism spectrum. The website notes that one of the "team’s recent research projects and publications" is focused on "Autism and gender diversity." The clinic does offer "brief mental health support" and the first appointment before procedures "may be with a mental health therapist (for patients 13 years and older) before you see a medical provider." However, they do note that "we do not offer ongoing mental health therapy appointments."
According to the "Q Card Project," Seattle Children's Hospital is also a partner on the "Gender Card"
which has been distributed to children by area pediatricians and was designed to be a tool for "trans/non-binary/gender-diverse folks to advocate for themselves in healthcare."