Medal of Honor Roll Call: James H. Fields

This week’s Medal of Honor hero James H. Fields is a native of Houston and taught the Germans an important lesson: “Don’t mess with Texas.”

After awarding Fields the Medal of Honor, Third Army Commanding General Gen. George S. Patton Jr., told Third Army Chief of Staff Maj. Gen. Hugh Gaffney to send Fields home. In his book “War As I Knew It,” Patton wrote: “On the twenty-second, I decorated a number of nurses with Bronze Stars and also Lieutenant James H. Fields of the Fourth Armored Division with the Medal of Honor. I told Gaffey I did not want Lieutenant Fields sent to the front any more, because it has been my unfortunate observation that whenever a man gets the Medal of Honor of even the Distinguished Service Cross, he usually attempts to outdo himself, in order to produce a virile race, such men should be kept alive.”

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Rank: First Lieutenant Organization: U.S. Army Company: Division: 10th Armored Infantry, 4th Armored Division Born: Caddo, Tex.Departed: Yes Entered Service At: Houston, Tex. G.O. Number: 13 Date of Issue: 02/27/1945Accredited To: Place / Date: Rechicourt, France, 27 September 1944

Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty, at Rechicourt, France. On 27 September 1944, during a sharp action with the enemy infantry and tank forces, 1st Lt. Fields personally led his platoon in a counterattack on the enemy position. Although his platoon had been seriously depleted, the zeal and fervor of his leadership was such as to inspire his small force to accomplish their mission in the face of overwhelming enemy opposition. Seeing that 1 of the men had been wounded, he left his slit trench and with complete disregard for his personal safety attended the wounded man and administered first aid. While returning to his slit trench he was seriously wounded by a shell burst, the fragments of which cut through his face and head, tearing his teeth, gums, and nasal passage. Although rendered speechless by his wounds, 1st Lt. Fields refused to be evacuated and continued to lead his platoon by the use of hand signals. On 1 occasion, when 2 enemy machineguns had a portion of his unit under deadly crossfire, he left his hole, wounded as he was, ran to a light machinegun, whose crew had been knocked out, picked up the gun, and fired it from his hip with such deadly accuracy that both the enemy gun positions were silenced. His action so impressed his men that they found new courage to take up the fire fight, increasing their firepower, and exposing themselves more than ever to harass the enemy with additional bazooka and machinegun fire. Only when his objective had been taken and the enemy scattered did 1st Lt. Fields consent to be evacuated to the battalion command post. At this point he refused to move further back until he had explained to his battalion commander by drawing on paper the position of his men and the disposition of the enemy forces. The dauntless and gallant heroism displayed by 1st Lt. Fields were largely responsible for the repulse of the enemy forces and contributed in a large measure to the successful capture of his battalion objective during this action. His eagerness and determination to close with the enemy and to destroy him was an inspiration to the entire command, and are in the highest traditions of the U.S. Armed Forces.


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