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Medal of Honor Roll Call: Theodore Roosevelt

roosevelt san juan hill

Love him or hate him, TR was bigger than life and led his men against a well entrenched and determined enemy. He didn’t yell “Charge!” up the San Juan heights, he yelled “Follow me!” and led from the front. By his own admission, the fire was so heavy that he did not expect to live through the event.


Theodore Roosevelt

Rank and Organization: Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army.   
Date and Place of Action: 01July 1898, near Santiago de Cuba, Republic of Cuba.   
Birth Date and Place of Birth: 27 October 1858, New York, N.Y. 
Home State: New York.  

Lieutenant Colonel Theodore Roosevelt distinguished himself by acts of bravery on 1 July, 1898, near Santiago de Cuba, Republic of Cuba, while leading a daring charge up San Juan Hill. Lieutenant Colonel Roosevelt, in total disregard for his personal safety, and accompanied by only four or five men, led a desperate and gallant charge up San Juan Hill, encouraging his troops to continue the assault through withering enemy fire over open countryside.  Facing the enemy’s heavy fire, he displayed extraordinary bravery throughout the charge, and was the first to reach the enemy trenches, where he quickly killed one of the enemy with his pistol, allowing his men to continue the assault. His leadership and valor turned the tide in the Battle for San Juan Hill.   Lieutenant Colonel Roosevelt’s extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the United States Army.

Date of Issue: 16 January 2000 by President William J. Clinton

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Written By

Robert J. Laplander is a military historian and the the author of Finding the Lost Battalion and other works. You may see his endeavors at or:


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