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The House decided recently to implement the U.S.-Chile free trade agreement.

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Roll Call: House Inplements Chile Free Trade Agreement

The House decided recently to implement the U.S.-Chile free trade agreement.

On July 24, by a vote of 270 to 156, the House passed a bill implementing the United States-Chile Free Trade Agreement (H.R. 2738).

Because many conservative concerns about free trade were addressed in this particular agreement, the free trade issue that often divides conservatives became a wedge between liberals of different stripes instead.

Rep. Charlie Rangel (D.-N.Y.) was one of the proponents of the bill. “It is the first time that we are recognizing the ability to trade with our South American neighbors and to coordinate this with Mexico and the Caribbean and, indeed, to move forward so that we can end up with a free trade agreement for the Americas,” he said, praising the bill.

Rep. Pete Stark (D.-Calif.), another liberal, railed against the trade agreement. “Not only do I speak on behalf of numerous Members who oppose this,” he said, “but I also speak on behalf of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters, the AFL-CIO, the International Brotherhood of Boilermakers, the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, United Auto Workers, United Steelworkers of America, the UNITE, the needle trades, and the Machinists Union.”

Stark argued that free trade costs American jobs and weakens labor unions. “American workers have suffered too many job losses for the sake of free trade,” he said. “Our nation’s unemployment rate reached 6.4 percent in June, the highest rate in more than 9 years, causing the loss of more than 1 million jobs in the last 3 months. Since NAFTA, we have lost 500,000 jobs due to NAFTA. The Chilean agreement, he argued, would lead to more of the same.

On the conservative side, Rep. James Sensenbrenner (R.-Wis.) spoke in favor of the bill. Although it allows 6,800 additional H1-B visas, he said, his Judiciary Committee deducted that number of H1-Bs from the current legal limit under U.S. immigration law, so that there is no net gain.

He also pointed out that another provision would protect American workers in labor disputes from H1-B competition. Under the bill, he said, “an employer generally cannot sponsor an alien for an EL or H-1B1 visa if there is any labor dispute occurring in the occupational classification at the place of employment, regardless of whether the labor dispute is classified as a strike or a lockout. In this regard, title IV of both bills provides greater worker protection than that presently contained in the H-1B program.”

Sensenbrenner was largely supportive of the other provisions in the agreement. “Reducing barriers to U.S. exports is crucial to restoring America’s economic vibrancy,” he said. “Strong safeguards in these agreements will ensure that the governments of Chile and Singapore create criminal sanctions to punish intellectual property theft with the seriousness and severity that it demands. In addition, the antitrust provisions will ensure that these governments do not rely on the increasingly common foreign practice of manipulating antitrust laws to discriminate against American businesses.”

Some conservatives, especially southerners, opposed the bill because of the effect it could have on industries in their districts, especially the textile industry. But none of them spoke against the bill on the House floor.

A “yes” vote was a vote to implement the trade agreement with Chile. A “no” vote was a vote against the bill.

FOR THE BILL: 270 AGAINST THE BILL: 156
REPUBLICANS FOR: 195
Bachus
Baker
Ballenger
Bartlett (MD)
Barton (TX)
Bass
Beauprez
Bereuter
Biggert
Bilirakis
Blackburn
Blunt
Boehlert
Boehner
Bonilla
Bonner
Bono
Boozman
Bradley (NH)
Brady (TX)
Brown (SC)
Brown-Waite, V.
Burgess
Burns
Burr
Burton (IN)
Buyer
Calvert
Camp
Cannon
Cantor
Capito
Carter
Castle
Chabot
Chocola
Cole
Collins
Cox
Crane
Crenshaw
Cubin
Culberson
Cunningham
DeLay
DeMint
Diaz-Balart, L.
Diaz-Balart, M.
Doolittle
Dreier
Dunn
Ehlers
Emerson
English
Everett
Feeney
Ferguson
Flake
Fletcher
Foley
Forbes
Fossella
Franks (AZ)
Frelinghuysen
Gallegly
Garrett (NJ)
Gerlach
Gibbons
Gilchrest
Gingrey
Goodlatte
Goss
Granger
Graves
Green (WI)
Greenwood
Gutknecht
Harris
Hart
Hastings (WA)
Hayworth
Hensarling
Herger
Hobson
Houghton
Hulshof
Hyde
Isakson
Issa
Istook
Janklow
Jenkins
Johnson, Sam
Johnson (CT)
Johnson (IL)
Keller
Kelly
Kennedy (MN)
King (IA)
King (NY)
Kingston
Kline
Knollenberg
Kolbe
LaHood
Latham
Leach
Lewis (CA)
Lewis (KY)
Linder
Lucas (OK)
Manzullo
McCotter
McCrery
McInnis
McKeon
Mica
Miller, Gary
Miller (FL)
Miller (MI)
Moran (KS)
Murphy
Musgrave
Nethercutt
Neugebauer
Ney
Northup
Nunes
Nussle
Osborne
Ose
Otter
Oxley
Pearce
Pence
Peterson (PA)
Petri
Pickering
Pitts
Platts
Pombo
Porter
Portman
Pryce (OH)
Putnam
Radanovich
Ramstad
Regula
Rehberg
Renzi
Reynolds
Rogers (AL)
Rogers (KY)
Rogers (MI)
Ros-Lehtinen
Royce
Ryan (WI)
Ryun (KS)
Saxton
Schrock
Sensenbrenner
Sessions
Shadegg
Shaw
Shays
Sherwood
Shimkus
Shuster
Simmons
Simpson
Smith (MI)
Smith (NJ)
Smith (TX)
Souder
Tauzin
Terry
Thomas
Thornberry
Tiahrt
Tiberi
Toomey
Turner (OH)
Upton
Vitter
Walden (OR)
Walsh
Wamp
Weldon (FL)
Weldon (PA)
Weller
Whitfield
Wicker
Wilson (NM)
Wolf
Young (FL)

DEMOCRATS FOR: 75
Ballance
Becerra
Berman
Blumenauer
Boswell
Boyd
Capps
Cardin
Carson (OK)
Case
Cooper
Cramer
Crowley
Davis (AL)
Davis (CA)
Davis (FL)
Davis (TN)
DeGette
DeLauro
Dicks
Dooley (CA)
Edwards
Emanuel
Eshoo
Etheridge
Ford
Gonzalez
Hall
Harman
Hill
Hinojosa
Hoyer
Inslee
Israel
Jefferson
John
Kind
Larsen (WA)
Levin
Lofgren
Lowey
Lucas (KY)
Majette
Maloney
Matheson
Matsui
Meehan
Meek (FL)
Meeks (NY)
Menendez
Moore
Moran (VA)
Neal (MA)
Ortiz
Pelosi
Pomeroy
Price (NC)
Rangel
Reyes
Sandlin
Schiff
Skelton
Smith (WA)
Snyder
Stenholm
Tanner
Tauscher
Thompson (CA)
Turner (TX)
Udall (CO)
Van Hollen
Watson
Waxman
Weiner
Wu

REPUBLICANS AGAINST: 27
Aderholt
Akin
Barrett (SC)
Coble
Davis, Jo Ann
Deal (GA)
Duncan
Gillmor
Goode
Hayes
Hefley
Hoekstra
Hostettler
Hunter
Jones (NC)
LaTourette
LoBiondo
McHugh
Norwood
Paul
Quinn
Rohrabacher
Sweeney
Tancredo
Taylor (NC)
Wilson (SC)
Young (AK)

DEMOCRATS AGAINST: 128
Abercrombie
Ackerman
Alexander
Allen
Andrews
Baca
Baird
Baldwin
Bell
Berry
Bishop (GA)
Bishop (NY)
Boucher
Brady (PA)
Brown, Corrine
Brown (OH)
Capuano
Cardoza
Carson (IN)
Clay
Clyburn
Conyers
Costello
Cummings
Davis (IL)
DeFazio
Delahunt
Deutsch
Dingell
Doggett
Doyle
Engel
Evans
Farr
Fattah
Filner
Frank (MA)
Frost
Gephardt
Gordon
Green (TX)
Grijalva
Gutierrez
Hastings (FL)
Hinchey
Hoeffel
Holden
Holt
Honda
Hooley (OR)
Jackson (IL)
Jackson-Lee (TX)
Johnson, E. B.
Jones (OH)
Kanjorski
Kaptur
Kennedy (RI)
Kildee
Kilpatrick
Kleczka
Kucinich
Lampson
Langevin
Lantos
Larson (CT)
Lee
Lewis (GA)
Lipinski
Lynch
Markey
Marshall
McCarthy (MO)
McCarthy (NY)
McCollum
McDermott
McGovern
McIntyre
McNulty
Michaud
Millender-McDonald
Miller, George
Miller (NC)
Mollohan
Murtha
Nadler
Napolitano
Oberstar
Obey
Olver
Owens
Pallone
Pascrell
Payne
Peterson (MN)
Rahall
Rodriguez
Ross
Rothman
Roybal-Allard
Ruppersberger
Rush
Ryan (OH)
Sabo
Sanchez, Linda
Sanchez, Loretta
Schakowsky
Scott (GA)
Scott (VA)
Serrano
Sherman
Slaughter
Solis
Spratt
Stark
Strickland
Stupak
Taylor (MS)
Thompson (MS)
Tierney
Towns
Udall (NM)
Velazquez
Visclosky
Waters
Watt
Wexler
Woolsey
Wynn

INDEPENDENT AGAINST: 1
Sanders

NOT VOTING: 8

REPUBLICANS (6): DEMOCRATS (2): INDEPENDENTS (0)
Bishop (UT)
Davis, Tom
Kirk
Myrick
Stearns
Sullivan
Berkley
Pastor
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