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Roll Calls: House Rejects Clone-to-Kill, Approves Cloning Ban

-House Rejects Clone-to-Kill Research Bill
-House Approves Complete Ban on Human Cloning

ROLL CALL:
House Rejects Clone-to-Kill Research Bill

On February 27, by a vote of 174-231, the House rejected a hostile substitute to the proposed ban on human cloning (H.R. 534).

Before considering a complete and permanent ban on human cloning, congressmen were given the chance to vote on an alternative that would make the right to life subordinate to medical research.

The substitute amendment, offered by liberal Rep. James Greenwood (R.-Pa.), would have allowed human cloning for the purpose of scientific experimentation. It would also have required the destruction of all human clones before they could be brought to term. For this reason, bills like Greenwood’s have been called “clone-to-kill” bills. Senators Orrin Hatch (R.-Utah), Arlen Specter (R.-Pa.) and Diane Feinstein (D.-Calif.) are sponsoring a similar bill in the Senate.

Proponents of the Greenwood bill argued that therapies using stem cells taken from cloned human embryos could lead to cures for debilitating diseases such as Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s disease. These benefits remain theoretical, however, and their feasibility is disputed.

Rep. Darlene Hooley (D.-Ore.) made the typical argument in favor of this bill. First, she said, “I am opposed to cloning of humans.” Then she turned around and explained that she in fact supports cloning of humans for scientific experimentation: “However, I believe that we in Congress have a responsibility to carefully craft federal legislation on cloning that will not outlaw legitimate medical research that may save or enhance the lives of many.”

Rep. Dave Weldon (R.-Fla.), architect of the House cloning ban, described Greenwood’s proposal as a sham. “The Greenwood substitute purports to be a ban on human cloning,” he said. “It is a 10-year prohibition that sunsets; and it allows unfettered, essentially, the creation of human embryos in the lab for the purpose of research; and then it requires their destruction.”

“Might I also add,” Weldon continued, “that there are some people who want to allow this research to move forward so that they can some day be able to do reproductive cloning.” Weldon recounted a committee hearing in which Dr. Brian Cohen, president of the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, testified that his group was opposed to the cloning of human beings for the purpose of bringing them to term “at this time.”

“He kept saying ‘at this time,'” Weldon said. “And I finally asked him, ‘What do you mean by “at this time?”‘ He went on to basically say that if they can work through all of the problems with cloning that they would some day like to be able to do it. And what will happen, what will be next with that? I contend that the age of eugenics will have arrived. There will be people who will then want to manipulate these embryos for the purpose of creating a human with pre-intended specifications.”

Several congressmen voted for the Greenwood “clone-to-kill” amendment but then went on to support Weldon’s bill (see rollcall at right).

A “yes” vote was a vote to legally require the killing of all human embryos made through cloning. A “no” vote was a vote against this “clone-to-kill” bill.

FOR THE AMENDMENT: 174

REPUBLICANS FOR (23): Bass, Biggert, Boehlert, Bono, Bradley (NH), Castle, Gibbons, Gilchrest, Granger, Greenwood, Houghton, Johnson (CT), Kelly, Kirk, Kolbe, Leach, Ose, Pryce (OH), Ramstad, Shays, Simmons, Thomas, Wilson (NM)

DEMOCRATS FOR (151): Abercrombie, Allen, Andrews, Baird, Baldwin, Balance, Becerra, Bell, Berkley, Berman, Bishop (NY), Blumenauer, Boswell, Boucher, Boyd, Brady (PA), Brown (OH), Capps, Capuano, Cardin, Cardoza, Case, Clay, Clyburn, Conyers, Cooper, Crowley, Cummings, Davis (AL), Davis (CA), Davis (FL), Davis (IL), DeGette, Delahunt, DeLauro, Deutsch, Dicks, Dingell, Doggett, Dooley (CA), Emanuel, Engel, Eshoo, Etheridge, Evans, Farr, Fattah, Frank (MA), Frost, Gonzalez, Gordon, Green (TX), Grijalva, Gutierrez, Harman, Hastings (FL), Hinchey, Holt, Honda, Hooley (OR), Hoyer, Inslee, Israel, Jackson (IL), Jackson-Lee (TX), Johnson, E. B., Jones (OH), Kennedy (RI), Kilpatrick, Kind, Kleczka, Lampson, Langevin, Lantos, Larsen (WA), Larson (CT), Lee, Levin, Lewis (GA), Lofgren, Lowey, Lynch, Majette, Maloney, Markey, Matheson, Matsui, McCarthy (NY), McCollum, McDermott, McGovern, Meehan, Meek (FL), Meeks (NY), Menendez, Miller, George, Miller (NC), Moore, Moran (VA), Nadler, Napolitano, Neal (MA), Olver, Owens, Pallone, Pascrell, Pastor, Pelosi, Price (NC), Rangel, Reyes, Rodriguez, Ross, Rothman, Roybal-Allard, Ruppersberger, Rush, Sabo, Sanchez, Linda, Sandlin, Schakowsky, Schiff, Scott (GA), Scott (VA), Serrano, Sherman, Slaughter, Smith (WA), Solis, Spratt, Stark, Strickland, Tanner, Tauscher, Thompson (CA), Thompson (MS), Tierney, Towns, Udall (CO), Udall (NM), Van Hollen, Velazquez, Visclosky, Watson, Watt, Waxman, Weiner, Wexler, Woolsey, Wynn

AGAINST THE AMENDMENT: 231

REPUBLICANS AGAINST (195): Aderholt, Akin, Bachus, Baker, Ballenger, Barrett (SC), Bartlett (MD), Barton (TX), Beauprez, Bereuter, Bilirakis, Bishop (UT), Blackburn, Blunt, Boehner, Bonilla, Bonner, Boozman, Brady (TX), Brown (SC), Brown-Waite, V., Burgess, Burns, Burr, Buyer, Calvert, Camp, Cannon, Cantor, Capito, Carter, Chabot, Chocola, Coble, Cole, Collins, Cox, Crane, Crenshaw, Cubin, Culberson, Cunningham, Davis, Jo Ann, Davis, Tom, Deal (GA), DeLay, DeMint, Diaz-Balart, M., Doolittle, Dreier, Duncan, Dunn, Ehlers, Emerson, English, Everett, Feeney, Ferguson, Flake, Fletcher, Foley, Forbes, Fossella, Franks (AZ), Frelinghuysen, Garrett (NJ), Gerlach, Gillmor, Gingrey, Goode, Goodlatte, Goss, Graves, Green (WI), Gutknecht, Harris, Hart, Hastings (WA), Hayes, Hayworth, Hefley, Hensarling, Herger, Hobson, Hoekstra, Hostettler, Hulshof, Hunter, Isakson, Issa, Istook, Janklow, Jenkins, Johnson, Sam, Johnson (IL), Jones (NC), Keller, Kennedy, MN), King (IA), King (NY), Kingston, Kline, Knollenberg, LaHood, Latham, LaTourette, Lewis (CA), Lewis (KY), Linder, LoBiondo, Lucas (OK), Manzullo, McCotter, McHugh, McInnis, McKeon, Mica, Miller (FL), Miller (MI), Moran (KS), Murphy, Musgrave, Myrick, Nethercutt, Ney, Northup, Norwood, Nunes, Nussle, Osborne, Otter, Oxley, Paul, Pearce, Pence, Peterson (PA), Petri, Pickering, Pitts, Platts, Pombo, Porter, Portman, Putnam, Quinn, Radanovich, Regula, Rehberg, Renzi, Reynolds, Rogers (AL), Rogers (KY), Rogers (MI), Rohrabacher, Royce, Ryan (WI), Ryun (KS), Saxton, Schrock, Sensenbrenner, Sessions, Shadegg, Shaw, Sherwood, Shimkus, Shuster, Simpson, Smith (NJ), Smith (TX), Souder, Stearns, Sullivan, Sweeney, Tancredo, Tauzin, Taylor (NC), Terry, Thornberry, Tiahrt, Tiberi, Toomey, Turner (OH), Upton, Vitter, Walden (OR), Walsh, Wamp, Weldon (FL), Weldon (PA), Weller, Whitfield, Wicker, Wilson (SC), Wolf, Young (AK)

DEMOCRATS AGAINST (35): Alexander, Berry, Bishop (GA), Carson (OK), Costello, Cramer, Davis (TN), Doyle, Edwards, Hall, Hill, Holden, Jefferson, John, Kanjorski, Kaptur, Kildee, Kucinich, Lucas (KY), Marshall, McIntyre, McNulty, Michaud, Mollohan, Murtha, Oberstar, Pomeroy, Rahall, Ryan (OH), Skelton, Stenholm, Stupak, Taylor (MS), Turner (TX), Wu

INDEPENDENTS AGAINST (1): Sanders

DEMOCRAT VOTING ‘PRESENT’ (1): Filner

NOT VOTING (28):

REPUBLICANS (10): Burton (IN), Combest, Diaz-Balart, L., Gallegly, Hyde, McCrery, Miller, Gary, Ros-Lehtinen, Smith (MI), Young (FL)

DEMOCRATS (18): Ackerman, Baca, Brown, Corrine, Carson (IN), DeFazio, Ford, Gephardt, Hinojosa, Hoeffel, Lipinski, McCarthy (MO), Millender-McDonald, Ortiz, Payne, Peterson (MN), Sanchez, Loretta, Snyder, Waters

ROLL CALL:
House Approves Complete Ban on Human Cloning

On February 27, by a vote of 241-155, the House passed the Human Cloning Prohibition Act of 2003 (H.R. 534).

The bill, which permanently and completely bans human cloning, received strong support from both liberal Democrats and conservative Republicans, not to mention self-described socialist Rep. Bernie Sanders (I.-Vt.), who co-sponsored it.

Conservatives generally supported the bill because it protects the right to life. Many liberals supported it because they fear legalized human cloning will lead to the exploitation of human beings and the human genome as commodities, or that cloning will lead to the eugenic manipulation of the human species.

Sanders outlined his support for the cloning in these terms: “The cloning of a human being for any purpose raises the deepest and most profound ethical and moral questions. Questions about the sanctity or the uniqueness of each human person; questions about the evil of eugenics and genetic engineering in humans; and, equally important, questions about the ownership and use of cloned humans by an unregulated corporate biotechnology industry motivated almost exclusively by their quest for venture capital, short-term profits, and higher stock prices.”

Opponents of the ban argued that therapies using stem cells from cloned human embryos could lead to cures for debilitating diseases (see rollcall at left). Their argument was blunted, however, by the lack of success in research using stem cells from non-cloned human embryos.

“All embryonic cloning, whether therapeutic or reproductive, violates moral and rational bounds,” said Rep. Jim Ryun (R.-Kan.). “First, embryonic cloning is unproven. Not a single case of embryonic cloning in animals has resulted in successful treatment of any disease. Furthermore, animals created through embryonic cloning have developed unnaturally and suffered numerous genetic defects.”

“Second, embryonic cloning is immoral,” said Ryan. “Every cloned embryo is capable of developing into an adult. The Greenwood amendment proposes the artificial creation of life and subsequent destruction thereof. This cannot be tolerated.”

Finally, Ryun argued that legalized cloning would lead to the exploitation of women by creating an enormous market for human eggs, a necessary ingredient in the cloning process. “Even in the most conservative of estimates, hundreds of millions of human eggs would be needed for human cloning. Women, especially the under-privileged, would be exploited for the sale of their eggs. We cannot allow human eggs to become a commodity.”

Several congressmen did not vote on this bill. Rep. Henry Hyde (R.-Ill.), a strong opponent of human cloning, was home with the flu. Another anti-cloning congressman, Rep. Bob Ney (R.-Ohio), had to leave early to catch a plane that day, an aide told HUMAN EVENTS, because of a heavy snowfall in Washington, D.C.. Reps. Dan Burton (R.-Ind.) and Dave Vitter (R.-La.) both announced later on the House floor that they meant to vote yes, but had been unavoidably detained.

On the other side, Reps. Joe Hoeffel (D.-Pa.), Loretta Sanchez (D.-Calif.) and Karen McCarthy (D.-Mo.) announced that they would have voted no, but had been unavoidably detained.

Notably, Deborah Pryce (R.-Ohio), the new House Republican conference chairman, voted in favor of human cloning.

A “yes” vote was a vote to ban all human cloning in the United States, and was a vote in favor of the President’s position. A “no” vote was a vote against the bill.

FOR THE BILL: 241

REPUBLICANS FOR (198): Aderholt, Akin, Bachus, Baker, Ballenger, Barrett (SC), Bartlett (MD), Beauprez, Bereuter, Bilirakis, Bishop (UT), Blackburn, Blunt, Boehner, Bonilla, Bonner, Bono, Boozman, Bradley (NH), Brady (TX), Brown (SC), Brown-Waite, V., Burgess, Burns, Burr, Buyer, Calvert, Camp, Cannon, Cantor, Capito, Carter, Chabot, Chocola, Coble, Cole, Collins, Cox, Crane, Crenshaw, Cubin, Culberson, Cunningham, Davis, Jo Ann, Davis, Tom, Deal (GA), DeLay, DeMint, Diaz-Balart, M., Doolittle, Dreier, Duncan, Dunn, Ehlers, Emerson, English, Everett, Feeney, Ferguson, Flake, Fletcher, Foley, Forbes, Fossella, Franks (AZ), Frelinghuysen, Garrett (NJ), Gerlach, Gibbons, Gillmor, Gingrey, Goode, Goodlatte, Goss, Granger, Graves, Green (WI), Gutknecht, Harris, Hart, Hastings (WA), Hayes, Hayworth, Hefley, Hensarling, Herger, Hobson, Hoekstra, Hostettler, Hulshof, Hunter, Isakson, Issa, Istook, Janklow, Jenkins, Johnson, Sam, Johnson (IL), Jones (NC), Keller, Kelly, Kennedy (MN), King (IA), King (NY), Kingston, Kirk, Kline, Knollenberg, LaHood, Latham, LaTourette, Lewis (CA), Lewis (KY), Linder, LoBiondo, Lucas (OK), Manzullo, McCotter, McHugh, McKeon, Mica, Miller (FL), Miller (MI), Moran (KS), Murphy, Musgrave, Myrick, Nethercutt, Northup, Norwood, Nunes, Nussle, Osborne, Otter, Oxley, Pearce, Pence, Peterson (PA), Petri, Pickering, Pitts, Platts, Pombo, Porter, Portman, Putnam, Quinn, Radanovich, Regula, Rehberg, Renzi, Reynolds, Rogers (AL), Rogers (KY), Rogers (MI), Rohrabacher, Royce, Ryan (WI), Ryun (KS), Saxton, Schrock, Sensenbrenner, Sessions, Shadegg, Shaw, Sherwood, Shimkus, Shuster, Simpson, Smith (NJ), Smith (TX), Souder, Stearns, Sullivan, Sweeney, Tancredo, Tauzin, Taylor (NC), Terry, Thomas, Thornberry, Tiahrt, Tiberi, Toomey, Turner (OH), Upton, Walden (OR), Walsh, Wamp, Weldon (FL), Weldon (PA), Weller, Whitfield, Wicker, Wilson (NM), Wilson (SC), Wolf, Young (AK)

DEMOCRATS FOR (42): Alexander, Berry, Bishop (GA), Carson (OK), Costello, Cramer, Davis (AL), Davis (TN), Dingell, Doyle, Gordon, Hall, Hill, Holden, Jefferson, John, Kanjorski, Kildee, Kucinich, Langevin, Larsen (WA), Lucas (KY), Lynch, Marshall, Matheson, McNulty, Michaud, Mollohan, Murtha, Pascrell, Pomeroy, Rahall, Reyes, Ross, Ryan (OH), Skelton, Stenholm, Stupak, Tanner, Taylor (MS), Turner (TX), Wu

INDEPENDENTS FOR (1): Sanders

AGAINST THE BILL: 155

REPUBLICANS AGAINST (16): Bass, Biggert, Boehlert, Castle, Gilchrest, Greenwood, Houghton, Johnson (CT), Kolbe, Leach, Ose, Paul, Pryce (OH), Ramstad, Shays, Simmons

DEMOCRATS AGAINST (139): Abercrombie, Allen, Andrews, Baird, Baldwin, Balance, Becerra, Bell, Berkley, Berman, Bishop (NY), Blumenauer, Boswell, Boucher, Brady (PA), Brown (OH), Capps, Capuano, Cardin, Cardoza, Case, Clay, Clyburn, Conyers, Cooper, Crowley, Cummings, Davis (CA), Davis (FL), Davis (IL), DeGette, Delahunt, DeLauro, Deutsch, Dicks, Doggett, Dooley (CA), Edwards, Emanuel, Engel, Eshoo, Etheridge, Evans, Farr, Fattah, Filner, Frank (MA), Gonzalez, Green (TX), Grijalva, Gutierrez, Harman, Hastings (FL), Hinchey, Holt, Honda, Hooley (OR), Hoyer, Inslee, Israel, Jackson (IL), Jackson-Lee (TX), Johnson, E. B., Jones (OH), Kaptur, Kennedy (RI), Kilpatrick, Kind, Kleczka, Lampson, Lantos, Larson (CT), Lee, Levin, Lewis (GA), Lofgren, Lowey, Majette, Maloney, Markey, Matsui, McCollum, McDermott, McGovern, Meehan, Meek (FL), Meeks (NY), Menendez, Miller, George, Miller (NC), Moore, Moran (VA), Nadler, Napolitano, Neal (MA), Obey, Olver, Owens, Pallone, Pastor, Pelosi, Price (NC), Rangel, Rodriguez, Rothman, Roybal-Allard, Ruppersberger, Rush, Sabo, Sanchez, Linda, Sandlin, Schakowsky, Schiff, Scott (GA), Scott (VA), Sherman, Slaughter, Smith (WA), Solis, Spratt, Stark, Strickland, Tauscher, Thompson (CA), Thompson (MS), Tierney, Towns, Udall (CO), Udall (NM), Van Hollen, Velazquez, Visclosky, Watson, Watt, Waxman, Weiner, Wexler, Woolsey, Wynn

NOT VOTING: 38

REPUBLICANS (14): Barton (TX), Burton (IN), Combest, Diaz-Balart, L., Gallegly, Hyde, McCrery, McInnis, Miller, Gary, Ney, Ros-Lehtinen, Smith (MI), Vitter, Young (FL)

DEMOCRATS (24): Ackerman, Baca, Boyd, Brown, Corrine, Carson (IN), DeFazio, Ford, Frost, Gephardt, Hinojosa, Hoeffel, Lipinski, McCarthy (MO), McCarthy (NY), McIntyre, Millender-McDonald, Oberstar, Ortiz, Payne, Peterson (MN), Sanchez, , Loretta, Serrano, Snyder, Waters

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