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-House Approves Five-Week Jobless Benefits Extension<br>-House Easily Approves Homeland Security Bill

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Roll Calls: House OKs Homeland Security Dept., Five-Week Jobless Pay Extension

-House Approves Five-Week Jobless Benefits Extension
-House Easily Approves Homeland Security Bill

The House and Senate have adjourned for the year. They are scheduled to return January 7 for the 108th Congress.

Before leaving town, the House on November 14 passed the bill to create the new Department of Homeland Security. (See rollcall below.) After the GOP election victories, the Senate agreed to go along with the House version of this bill and the President quickly signed it.

Also on the 14th, the House approved a rule to allow floor consideration of a five-week unemployment benefits extension (see rollcall at right) and the bill was approved by voice vote. The Senate, however, insisted on 13 weeks and, when no compromise was reached, the bill died.

ROLL CALL:
House Approves Five-Week Jobless Benefits Extension

On November 14, by a vote of 245 to 137, the House passed a rule allowing floor consideration of the Armed Forces Tax Fairness Act (HR 5063). After floor debate, the bill itself was passed by voice vote.

In spite of its title, the bill’s most important provision, besides continuing a temporary welfare block grant program until next March, was a five-week extension of federal unemployment benefits beyond the December 28 expiration date. The Democrat-controlled Senate wanted to extend benefits by a full 13 weeks-for the second time in less than six months-before adjourning the lame duck session of Congress, but the House argued that a five-week extension would continue payments to unemployed individuals until Feb. 1, 2003, when the new 108th Congress would consider yet another extension and the job situation might have improved. In the end, the Democratic Senate wanted 13 weeks or nothing, so there was no compromise and no extension of unemployment benefits at all.

House Democrats also wanted more than a five-week extension. “This provision of this bill is essential,” said Rep. Peter DeFazio (D.-Ore.), “but it is nowhere near enough.”

“This is a pitiful stopgap measure that in the end will benefit far fewer than the rhetoric from the other side of the aisle suggests,” said Rep. Louise Slaughter (D.-N.Y.). “Most of our constituents will not qualify. . . . Under this proposal large groups of unemployed workers who will need additional weeks of unemployment benefits before job growth picks up would go without any further assistance.”

Other Democrats, however, were satisfied to extend unemployment benefits for five weeks, even if they did not consider that long enough. “The legislation before us is hardly a perfect piece of legislation,” said Rep. David Wu (D.-Ore.). “But it will get a lot of folks over the hump until we can come back to this piece of legislation in the new congressional session.”

Opponents of the rule also objected because it did not allow any floor changes to the bill as sent to the House. “This is a last-ditch attempt of the majority to pretend like they are doing something for the American people, quite frankly,” said Rep. James McGovern (D-Mass.) of the GOP House majority, “but the American people deserve much more than this.”

A “yes” vote on the rule was, in effect, a vote to extend federal unemployment benefits by five weeks. A “no” vote on the rule was, in effect, a vote not to extend the benefits for just five weeks.

FOR THE RULE: 245

REPUBLICANS FOR (191): Aderholt, Akin, Bachus, Ballenger, Barr, Bartlett, Barton, Bass, Bereuter, Biggert, Bilirakis, Blunt, Boehlert, Boehner, Bonilla, Bono, Boozman, Brady (TX), Brown (SC), Bryant, Burr, Burton, Buyer, Calvert, Camp, Cannon, Cantor, Capito, Castle, Chabot, Chambliss, Coble, Collins, Cox, Crenshaw, Cubin, Culberson, Cunningham, Davis, Jo Ann, Davis, Tom, Deal, DeLay, DeMint, Dreier, Duncan, Dunn, Ehlers, Emerson, English, Everett, Ferguson, Flake, Fletcher, Foley, Forbes, Fossella, Frelinghuysen, Gallegly, Ganske, Gekas, Gibbons, Gilchrest, Gilman, Goode, Goss, Graham, Granger, Graves, Green (WI), Greenwood, Gutknecht, Hart, Hastings (WA), Hayes, Hayworth, Hefley, Hilleary, Hobson, Hoekstra, Horn, Hulshof, Hunter, Hyde, Isakson, Issa, Istook, Jenkins, Johnson, Sam, Johnson (CT), Johnson (IL), Jones (NC), Kelly, Kennedy (MN), Kerns, King (NY), Kingston, Kirk, Knollenberg, Kolbe, LaHood, Latham, LaTourette, Leach, Lewis (CA), Lewis (KY), Linder, LoBiondo, Lucas (OK), Manzullo, McCrery, McHugh, McKeon, Mica, Miller, Dan, Miller, Jeff, Moran (KS), Morella, Myrick, Nethercutt, Ney, Northup, Osborne, Ose, Oxley, Paul, Pence, Peterson (PA), Petri, Pickering, Pitts, Platts, Pombo, Portman, Pryce (OH), Putnam, Quinn, Ramstad, Regula, Rehberg, Reynolds, Riley, Rogers (KY), Rogers (MI), Rohrabacher, Ros-Lehtinen, Royce, Ryun (KS), Saxton, Schaffer, Schrock, Sessions, Shadegg, Shaw, Shays ,Sherwood, Shimkus, Shuster, Simmons, Skeen, Smith (MI), Smith (NJ), Smith (TX), Souder, Stearns, Sullivan, Sununu, Sweeney, Tancredo, Tauzin, Taylor (NC), Terry, Thomas, Thornberry, Thune, Tiberi, Upton, Vitter, Walden, Walsh, Wamp, Watkins (OK), Watts (OK), Weldon (FL), Weller, Whitfield, Wicker, Wilson (NM), Wilson (SC), Wolf, Young (AK), Young (FL)

DEMOCRATS FOR (54): Andrews, Baca, Berkley, Berry, Bishop, Brown (FL), Cardin, Clayton, Clement, Costello, Cramer, DeFazio, Dicks, Dingell, Dooley, Edwards, Eshoo, Evans, Frost, Gonzalez, Gordon, Hall (TX), Hill, Holden, Holt, Hoyer, Israel, Jackson-Lee (TX), Jefferson, John, Lucas (KY), Matheson, McCarthy (NY), McIntyre, Menendez, Moore, Ortiz, Pastor, Phelps, Pomeroy, Rahall, Reyes, Rodriguez, Ross, Rothman, Shows, Skelton, Stenholm, Stupak, Taylor (MS), Thurman, Turner, Udall (CO), Wexler

AGAINST THE RULE 137:

REPUBLICANS AGAINST (2): Hostettler, Nussle

DEMOCRATS AGAINST (134): Abercrombie, Ackerman, Allen, Baird, Baldwin, Barrett, Becerra, Bentsen, Berman, Blumenauer, Boswell, Boucher, Brady (PA), Brown (OH), Capps, Capuano, Carson (IN), Carson (OK), Clay, Clyburn, Conyers, Coyne, Crowley, Cummings, Davis (CA), Davis (FL), Davis (IL), DeGette, Delahunt, DeLauro, Doggett, Doyle, Engel, Etheridge, Farr, Fattah, Filner, Ford, Frank, Green (TX), Gutierrez, Harman, Hastings (FL), Hinchey, Hinojosa, Hoeffel, Honda, Inslee, Jackson (IL), Johnson, E. B., Jones (OH), Kanjorski, Kaptur, Kennedy (RI), Kildee, Kilpatrick, Kind (WI), Kucinich, LaFalce, Lampson, Langevin, Lantos, Larson (CT), Lee, Levin, Lewis (GA), Lofgren, Lowey, Lynch, Maloney (CT), Maloney (NY), Markey, Mascara, Matsui, McCarthy (MO), McCollum, McDermott, McGovern, McNulty, Meehan, Meek (FL), Meeks (NY), Millender-McDonald, Miller, George, Moran (VA), Murtha, Napolitano, Neal, Obey, Olver, Owens, Pallone, Pascrell, Payne, Pelosi, Peterson (MN), Price (NC), Rangel, Rivers, Roemer, Roybal-Allard, Rush, Sabo, Sanchez, Sandlin, Sawyer, Schakowsky, Schiff, Scott, Serrano, Sherman, Slaughter, Smith (WA), Snyder, Solis, Spratt, Stark, Strickland, Tanner, Tauscher, Thompson (CA), Thompson (MS), Tierney, Towns, Udall (NM), Velazquez, Visclosky, Waters, Watt (NC), Waxman, Weiner, Woolsey, Wu, Wynn

INDEPENDENTS AGAINST (1): Sanders

NOT VOTING: 49

REPUBLICANS (29): Armey, Baker, Callahan, Combest, Cooksey, Crane, Diaz-Balart, Doolittle, Ehrlich, Gillmor, Goodlatte, Grucci, Hansen, Herger, Houghton, Keller, McInnis, Miller, Gary, Norwood, Otter, Radanovich, Roukema, Ryan (WI), Sensenbrenner, Simpson, Stump, Tiahrt, Toomey, Weldon (PA)

DEMOCRATS (20): Baldacci, Barcia, Blagojevich, Bonior, Borski, Boyd, Condit, Deutsch, Gephardt, Hilliard, Hooley, Kleczka, Larsen (WA), Lipinski, Luther, McKinney, Mollohan, Nadler, Oberstar, Watson (CA)

ROLL CALL:
House Easily Approves Homeland Security Bill

On November 14, by a vote of 299 to 121, the House passed the Republican version of the Homeland Security Act (HR 5710), calling for the largest government restructuring in over 50 years. This version of the bill, in contrast to the Democratic substitute, preserves the President’s authority over personnel decisions in the new department. It also shifts 22 agencies and 170,000 federal employees from various departments into the new Homeland Security Department for the purpose of increased domestic security.

Many Democrats, such as Rep. Danny Davis (D.-Ill.), opposed the Republican proposal because they said it would lead to diminished worker protection rights for federal employees. “This bill could in fact diminish or take away hard-won worker rights and protections that it has taken years and years of blood, sweat and tears to achieve,” said Davis.

“Under the pretext of national security, the compromise legislation does away with all provisions of our nation’s civil service laws and allows the President to strip employees of their rights,” said Rep. Corrine Brown (D.-Fla.).

Other Democratic opponents of the bill, mindful of their trial lawyer donor base, were concerned about provisions that limit the liability of airline carriers, airline security companies, and other manufacturers in the attacks of September 11. They also opposed a provision reducing the liability of manufacturers of the smallpox vaccine. However, proponents argued that without that provision no company would likely manufacture the vaccine at all, for fear of lawsuits.

“The fine print of the bill contains loopholes and special amenities for corporate America,” argued Rep. Henry Waxman (D.-Calif.). “Voting against this bill could be politically damaging sometime in the future. But some things are more important than politics. Genuinely enhancing our national security is more important than politics, and getting this bill right is more important than politics.”

Rep. James Oberstar (D.-Minn.) also opposed the bill because of liability provisions and argued that, “in view of these and other deficiencies in the bill now before us, I am convinced that the bill will do more harm than good.”

Supporters of the bill stressed the urgency of immediately establishing a Department of Homeland Security to protect the nation from violent attacks-even if it does not include what trial lawyers wanted.

“We cannot sit by and have differences over this provision or that provision keep us from acting,” said Rep. Mac Thornberry (R.-Tex.). “It is relatively easy for me and others to find fault, ways that we wish it would be different. But all of those individual differences we may have with provisions are no competition in my mind to the fact that time is slipping by.”

Other supporters, including some Democrats, signaled their desire to pass the bill and improve it later. “To those that think it is far from perfect, I agree,” said Rep. Ellen Tauscher (D.-Calif.). “But this bill is just a starting point, and I am committed to work to fix these issues.”

A “yes” vote was a vote to pass the Homeland Security Bill backed by President Bush. A “no” vote was a vote against the new government reorganization.

FOR THE BILL: 299

REPUBLICANS FOR (212): Aderholt, Akin, Armey, Bachus, Baker, Ballenger, Barr, Bartlett, Barton, Bass, Bereuter, Biggert, Bilirakis, Blunt, Boehlert, Boehner, Bonilla, Bono, Boozman, Brady (TX), Brown (SC), Bryant, Burr, Burton, Buyer, Callahan, Calvert, Camp, Cantor, Capito, Castle, Chabot, Chambliss, Coble, Collins, Combest, Cooksey, Cox, Crane, Crenshaw, Cubin, Culberson, Cunningham, Davis, Jo Ann, Davis, Tom, Deal, DeLay, DeMint, Diaz-Balart, Doolittle, Dreier, Dunn, Ehlers, Ehrlich, Emerson, English, Everett, Ferguson, Fletcher, Foley, Forbes, Fossella, Frelinghuysen, Gallegly, Ganske, Gekas, Gibbons, Gilchrest, Gillmor, Gilman, Goode, Goodlatte, Goss, Graham, Granger, Graves, Green (WI), Greenwood, Grucci, Gutknecht, Hansen, Hart, Hastings (WA), Hayes, Hayworth, Hefley, Herger, Hilleary, Hobson, Hoekstra, Horn, Hulshof, Hunter, Hyde, Isakson, Issa, Istook, Jenkins, Johnson, Sam, Johnson (CT), Johnson (IL), Jones (NC), Keller, Kelly, Kennedy (MN), Kerns, King (NY), Kingston, Kirk, Knollenberg, Kolbe, LaHood, Latham, LaTourette, Leach, Lewis (CA), Lewis (KY), Linder, LoBiondo, Lucas (OK), Manzullo, McCrery, McHugh, McInnis, McKeon, Mica, Miller, Dan, Miller, Gary, Miller, Jeff, Myrick, Nethercutt, Ney, Northup, Norwood, Nussle, Osborne, Ose, Otter, Oxley, Pence, Peterson (PA), Petri, Pickering, Pitts, Platts, Pombo, Portman, Pryce (OH), Putnam, Quinn, Radanovich, Ramstad, Regula, Rehberg, Reynolds, Riley, Rogers (KY), Rogers (MI), Rohrabacher, Ros-Lehtinen, Royce, Ryan (WI), Ryun (KS), Saxton, Schaffer, Schrock, Sensenbrenner, Sessions, Shadegg, Shaw, Shays, Sherwood, Shimkus, Shuster, Simmons, Simpson, Skeen, Smith (MI), Smith (NJ), Smith (TX), Souder, Stearns, Sullivan, Sununu, Sweeney, Tancredo, Tauzin, Taylor (NC), Terry, Thomas, Thornberry, Thune, Tiahrt, Tiberi, Toomey, Upton, Vitter, Walden, Walsh, Wamp, Watkins (OK), Watts (OK), Weldon (FL), Weldon (PA), Weller, Whitfield, Wicker, Wilson (NM), Wilson (SC), Wolf, Young (AK), Young (FL)

DEMOCRATS FOR (87): Allen, Andrews, Baca, Baird, Baldacci, Barcia, Barrett, Bentsen, Berkley, Berry, Bishop, Boswell, Boucher, Boyd, Cardin, Carson (OK), Clay, Clement, Clyburn, Cramer, Crowley, Davis (CA), Davis (FL), Deutsch, Dicks, Dooley, Edwards, Engel, Eshoo, Etheridge, Ford, Frost, Gordon, Hall (TX), Harman, Hill, Hinojosa, Hoeffel, Holden, Inslee, Israel, Jefferson, John, Kanjorski, Kennedy (RI), Kind (WI), Langevin, Lucas (KY), Luther, Maloney (CT), Maloney (NY), Mascara, Matheson, McCarthy (NY), McIntyre, Menendez, Millender-McDonald, Moore, Murtha, Ortiz, Pascrell, Pelosi, Peterson (MN), Phelps, Pomeroy, Price (NC), Reyes, Ross, Rothman, Sandlin, Sawyer, Schiff, Shows, Skelton, Smith (WA), Spratt, Stenholm, Strickland, Stupak, Tanner, Tauscher, Taylor (MS), Thompson (MS), Thurman, Turner, Udall (CO), Wu

AGAINST THE BILL: 121

REPUBLICANS AGAINST (6): Cannon, Duncan, Flake, Hostettler, Moran (KS), Paul

DEMOCRATS AGAINST (114): Abercrombie, Ackerman, Baldwin, Becerra, Berman, Blumenauer, Bonior, Brady (PA), Brown (FL), Brown (OH), Capps, Capuano, Carson (IN), Clayton, Conyers, Costello, Coyne, Cummings, Davis (IL), DeFazio, DeGette, Delahunt, DeLauro, Dingell, Doggett, Doyle, Evans, Farr, Fattah, Filner, Gephardt, Gonzalez, Green (TX), Gutierrez, Hastings (FL), Hilliard, Hinchey, Holt, Honda, Hoyer, Jackson (IL), Jackson-Lee (TX), Johnson, E. B., Jones (OH), Kaptur, Kildee, Kilpatrick, Kleczka, Kucinich, LaFalce, Lampson, Lantos, Larsen (WA), Larson (CT), Lee, Levin, Lewis (GA), Lipinski, Lofgren, Lowey, Lynch, Markey, Matsui, McCarthy (MO), McCollum, McDermott, McGovern, McKinney, McNulty, Meehan ,Meek (FL), Meeks (NY), Miller, George, Mollohan, Moran (VA), Nadler, Napolitano, Neal, Oberstar, Obey, Olver, Owens, Pallone, Pastor, Payne, Rahall, Rivers, Rodriguez, Roemer, Roybal-Allard, Sabo, Sanchez, Schakowsky, Scott, Serrano, Sherman, Slaughter, Snyder, Solis, Stark, Thompson (CA), Tierney, Towns, Udall (NM), Velazquez, Visclosky, Waters, Watson (CA), Watt (NC), Waxman, Weiner, Wexler, Woolsey, Wynn

INDEPENDENTS AGAINST (1): Sanders

NOT VOTING: 11>

REPUBLICANS (4): Houghton, Morella, Roukema, Stump

DEMOCRATS (7): Blagojevich, Borski, Condit, Frank, Hooley, Rangel, Rush

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